tv Focus on Europe - Spotlight on People Deutsche Welle November 23, 2017 12:30pm-1:01pm CET
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a very warm welcome to focus on europe i'm michel henery germany is in the midst of a political crisis one that the country has not experienced since the federal republic was formed after world war two for the first time there will be no new government in berlin after eight weeks government coalition talks aimed at forming a so-called jamaica coalition of christian democrats liberals and the greens have collapsed. we believe we were on a path where we could have reached an agreement said chancellor angela merkel and that's why i'm sorry we could not find a common solution to the mines on the news and fin going. chancellor merkel stands empty handed and this doesn't suit french president and then a macron who has big plans for europe he wants to comprehensively reform the e.u. but he needs germany at his side some of his most passionate supporters like the
british and shawn tully worried that without the support of their teutonic neighbor europe's future could look bleak. robust relations between paris and berlin are vital for a strong europe that's the firm belief of labor from paris a supporter of a. party she's disappointed by the failure to form a government and. she in a friend of hers say the setback in berlin means yet another delay to mcconnell's vision of a united europe and kenya that if we don't move forward germany will focus on russia and china and friends on the mediterranean and that will be the end of europe. and i have no crime has championed in europe with a joint army and an elected president a vision chantelle aig shares. back home in her apartment she tells us she has very personal reasons for supporting a more integrated europe her father was
a french jews a mother a german christian her background as one reason chantelle identify strongly as a european. i grew up with europe we always had different european cultures around the table and celebrated various european festivals and holidays. but this vision of an integrated europe powered by the franker german alliance is not popular with everyone in france. julia belongs to the center right republican party he believes the crisis in germany is an opportunity for france to stop relying so heavily on ballin. only in the past we had an irrational hatred of the germans we have an irrational love for you know we don't benefit from giving germany the key to the truck and then hitching ourselves to the bank gloria france needs to stop that much of. it went out. on the other
hand feels it's important for germany to overcome its government crisis as soon as possible. she wonders if it's time for germany to begin a new political movement like mccall's a marsh offering an alternative to the traditional parties it's good. german should take part of the c.d.u. part of the s.p.d. and part of the f.t.p. and found a new movement i don't think the established system of parties is working for germany anymore. what with bracks it had now uncertainty in germany many french analysts believe a man on the court will struggle to push through his european reforms. we already had something of a blockade before that's nothing new for. this new situation of uncertainty and the political crisis in germany will make it even harder to reform the euro zone and the e.u.
. as an ordinal. here it keat themed bar in paris where santa lives french german group meets regularly some believe the crisis could also be an opportunity perhaps the franker german alliance will now become a relationship of equals. with. america wants to move forward with europe she will need to listen to emanuel and his own party in the core. but right now chancellor merkel has more pressing issues relations with france on efforts to reform europe are on hold first she has to have a functioning government. while france and visions are united europe england wants to break away and for fission along angolans coast britain's vote to leave the european union was a dream come true after years of having to share the north sea with dutch fishermen to meet rule set by the e.u. the u.k.
would finally and their terms take back control of their own waters but as our reporter found out when he met with a british fisherman while they can be sure to expect bigger and bigger holes of fish there is a catch. for hundreds of years poll joins family has set out on the north sea to catch fish there one of the few remaining family is a fisherman in hastings southern england. joy and his two colleagues many catch european place so and skate my brother is fishing and cousins are fishing. but for my family this looks like the last generation. because it is just not viable for them to fish but that's not because of depleted north sea fish stocks. in fact stocks have recovered says joy. instead the problem is that british fishermen face a limit on how much fish they're allowed to catch. each year the e.u.
draws up north sea fishing quotas by fish type and country. what aggravates us is the share we have in arrow waters where fishing in british waters which was british territorial waters and have to throw back fish because their counterparts a european fisherman i don't know why they're not after from that's why nearly all british fishermen voted for banks said they want to regain control over their own waters and decide how much to fish they also want to banish other european fishermen from british waters like this dutch vessel dutch captain good or bad summer spends eighty percent of the year fishing exclusively in british parts of the north sea. there's a god of it would take longer if i can no longer fish there are have to find other areas that have to compete with my dutch colleagues and share a tiny fishing area why fish the big. banks and puts about fifty percent of the
dutch fishing fleet in peril says pim fisher who represents the dutch fishing industry. he thinks this is unnecessary because strict e.u. regulations now ensure there's enough fish for all. his or thinks the british government is the real problem for distributing only a tiny fraction of its e.u. fishing quota to british small scale fisherman in the english channel. they blame the e.u. for the internal problems the smaller boats have no quota that is a problem but that's not a problem created right brussels that's a problem created by a lot of them and they are they think that they can solve a problem with a lot of them by walking away from you but that's going to be a real disappointment for them. the dutch are convinced all fishermen are responsible for north sea fish stocks. after all fish have no nationality and recognize no borders. what receive already in our
relations with what used to be our colleagues our friends working together in european fisheries politics and all of a sudden it's turned upside down and as as if they are strangers as if we are strangers and that is a very very bad feeling our friends are no longer our friends. some as existence as a fisherman is now in jeopardy he didn't see it coming his family also has a five hundred year history of fishing in the north sea and he's afraid that that will be over soon as fisherman. the little boy i join my father and we went fishing in british water and my he told me where and when you can catch the best fish. these are familiar waters and i know them like the back of my hand if. you don't use the phone because.
after eight hours at sea pole joy small fishing boat returns to hastings. yeah but there was up up up to my bike i thought. once back on land the days entire catch is sold to europe of all places and that's the problem britain's fishermen export the fish they've caught and import their favorite fish card which is the classic main ingredient in fish and chips. the british want to maintain this trade after break set. i'm a pragmatist so i'm fully aware that we're going to be a long term thing you have to take it as it comes and see where we sit up at the end of it the breakthrough is a fact i hope we just carry on and we actually you know if you get there at the end of the day but joy's worried that the price for free trade in fish will be high here europe is likely to demand precisely what he and other break city has wanted
control over british waters imagine being taught to count with bullets and grenades instead of apples and oranges or to mistrust and attack those around you considered nonbelievers that's what's happening to the children of the estimated five thousand citizens who left their countries to join the so-called islamic state after the fall of rock in syria the isis caliphate is considered beaten now europe must ask itself how should government still but the return of its children its citizens caught in the crossfire. europe is afraid of these children this is a camp for detained i asked fighters and their families it's mostly women and children who were here before being returned to their home countries but no one wants them. a belgian reporter tries to make that clear to
a dutch woman. but what about the sleep yes she says she knows she'll have to readjust as he asks her if she's aware she'll be sent to prison she is but says that's better for her children and staying here and i you know is she aware that people in the netherlands don't trust. you yeah yeah yeah she says but everyone deserves a second chance even if they didn't do it because. the french defense minister sees things differently saying quote the more jihadists who die the better. unfortunately the only way of dealing with them will be in almost every case to kill them. but children are also under suspicion and we take precautions for their return. for a time. many think that terrorists should rush in the camps but what do people with children and grandchildren currently trapped in syria think of such statements.
they haven't a clue was one of the conspirators in the two thousand and sixteen attack in brussels he's still my son she says he died in syria and left behind two of her grandchildren that veronique has never seen them you feasting but. i believe that there's still something good in these young people they're not just monsters. they're more not more the case that they were so skillfully manipulated that they became monsters and. certainly i as a machine that creates monsters. but there's still a glimmer of hope that they can be a normal again. i don't know for sure but i think we should have a bit of faith in them. feels good cook. the belgian town of the forwarder represents that hope. here jessica sauls deals with the numerous problems that the unwelcome home comers bring with them. let's
see educational institutions schools are date you would have a lot of questions about how to deal with the child also questions about security what if one day the parent shows under. if you're talking about all their children let's say children above the age of ten or might have had some active contribution to the conflict who might have been in roles in b i as educational system you might also need other types of the briefing for those children so a lot of very complex issues arise that clearly are all saw far above the local capacity. the ruins of rocca in syria even worse than the damage to the surroundings is the spiritual damage. it's beautiful and children thing but this is an eye as war song it's the only one they know. they tell of what they've
learned about jihad to try to blow themselves up how to use weapons. and that they were afraid of their teachers because they beheaded people. lesson that i have schools include learning to tell time in english using time detonators size relationships using weapons and ammunition and lessons in disassembling weapons. psychologist who has successfully treated child soldiers now he treats children of the ins are they dangerous we here yes. yes simply because they came from a war zone dollars on the game either they were traumatized themselves or they possibly traumatized other people. because in the war zone there were explosions mass murders and hails of bullets more than. they have heard
thousands of different human screams that were the result of torture. if we want to pull these children back we need institutions and specialists that kind of company that you can't just go there and say great you guys are belgian so come on back because we don't know what state they are coming back. in the idea. of a future terrorists if so let them stay where they are say some in europe but will not solve the problem. it's more of a reality call i would say. and just ignoring the issue will make it go away so it's investing in social cohesion from both sides and we also have a lot of successful experiences with reintegrating returned for in five years. it seems is not the safety of the return children that worries most governments but
the security of their own positions organic food is all the rage nowadays activists argue that fewer pesticides are good for the environment and for our health but not everyone sees it that way farmers pitted on either side of the argument are at war one that has come to a head in a small village in italy's south terrill. grown leaves in an odd smell made apple farmer giddy a smell and so on suspicious bell and so on from mouse and south to roll soon realised something was wrong. and so here in the swamp like i'm coming i see that these leaves have been damaged but i have a sign little unhappiness or some just before the harvest for that someone sprayed these trees with life aside there's a point of dispute novell and so on may be unable to sell organic apples from this orchard for years he's certain it was an act of sabotage. it from that's my
why. well i guess some people didn't like my activism for a pesticide free months when and organic farming this was. a good use villain so on and many other environmental activists want their village of most to remain pesticide free. in a two thousand and thirteen referendum the villagers made clear that they reject pesticides. and they don't want a monoculture of endless apple orchards. those already dominate agriculture and the economy in the valley below apple's generate about three hundred million euros in turnover annually. the provincial councillor for agriculture is a conventional apple farmer he doesn't think the attack is linked to the conflict in my house. i don't think this is because someone expressed criticism there were
several incidents of sabotage first there were four cases here in binge against an organic orchard a conventional should and two in the process of transition are. not everyone is convinced. has been producing organic herbs for twenty six years his neighbors a conventional level farmers. they apparently don't care if their pesticides affect glitters organic crops. past six in the morning from the noise of the spraying machine the rush outside to protect our crops we've covered our entire crop to. be invested two hundred thousand euros because they keep using these chemicals. for years lugar has been collecting evidence of his neighbor's actions he's asked the regional government for support so far to no avail. my resistance is unwelcome
especially when it goes against the farmers lobby which we call the farming maffia their own credibly powerful. in most there is widespread resistance to conventional farming whether farmers business owners hairdressers or pharmacists they all reject conventional agriculture despite the personal threats. and from those who feel. they are fighting for a pesticide free countryside and i have a yes i know this if arius attack on an organic orchard which doesn't even use organic pesticide. is inexplicable and outrageous to me. it's an absolute moral low point to. the village activists are also. cerned about the results of a study indicating that two thirds of the playgrounds are contaminated with agricultural chemicals. or only
traces that don't constitute a health hazard with today's scientific methods you can find the smallest traces of substances i have a line shown them about if you apply the precautionary principle as stipulated by the constitution health concerns come fast so these must have consequences we will insist on that consequence and for. the pesticide conflict also has a legal dimension can a small village use a referendum to make such a major decision others like governor. smile to some farmers from farmers from other towns who farm land here took legal action because they felt they had suffered losses and the town wasn't responsible and divide it was honest administratively court dismissed the case. despite the attack organic farmer villain song remains undeterred. everyone has to face the truth that's just how it is kind and i don't see any grounds to change the way i fall or to change my
attitude and help them. this is to roll villagers fight against pesticides is gaining attention. now switzerland has said it will hold a referendum on the use of pesticides next year. the consequences of climate change are varied from extreme weather episodes to dormant microbes waking in russia the soil in its permafrost regions is beginning to thaw resulting in the emergence of bones and entire carcasses from the ice age now scientists say they're on the brink of reviving an ancient beast from extinction. it may look a little ringley but then it is pretty old scientists here have named her. she's a strawberry blond woolly mammoth it stinks. yes smells
bad. in her defense has been dead for around thirty four thousand years now these days she spends her time at the permafrost kingdom a museum in the russian city of york courts scientists hope will one day walk the earth again thanks to you because d.n.a. which has been extraordinarily well preserved some yarn grigori f. dreams of bringing back these woolly giants he wants to set up an international center for mammoth studies here in. the store at his most important specimen that minus eighty six degrees celsius that's a fully grown female mammoth which the scientists have named buttercup. gregorio says buttercups trunk is a real treasure trove. that when we cut into it we found
a number of areas where the flash was still rand going we found real muscle tissue that's amazing but as our best hope of finding living south support with me but. it was twenty thirteen when a semi on grigori f. made what he says was the most amazing discovery of his life only buttercups tasks were pre-treating out of the ice the rest of her was buried in the permafrost on an island in northern siberia. when the team of scientists removed the ice underneath the mammoth stomach and they witnessed something that had never happened before. dark blood came trickling out of the ice amazingly it wasn't frozen. grigori of later discovered that the carcass was over twenty eight thousand years
old he had often heard stories of how locals fed mammoth meat to their dogs but this was the first time he had actually come face to face with beautifully preserved mammoth flesh. in this tissue which is tens of thousands of years old we are hoping to find living cells that's not easy of course almost impossible in fact . by studio with the war. the cell nucleus could be implanted into the egg of a female asian elephant the mammoth closest living relative which could then give birth to a hybrid mammoth. but there is another way which is looking more feasible genetic engineering and the artificial synthesis of the complete mammoth d.n.a. in five ten or at most twenty years we will have created artificial mammoth d.n.a. molecules and i very much hope that i will be around to witness it if not it will be on children who will see the mammoth resurrected but there was the moment it was
humans who were once responsible for driving mammoths to extinction now thousands of years later they could also be the ones to resurrect these giants of the ice age . it sounds a bit like jurassic park it didn't end well for us or that in that film here's hoping for a better outcome that's it for today thank you for watching see you next time.
thousand u.s. soldiers in europe with such comes from russia come on the in chief in washington many people you're about wondering is america still a reliable power. in thirty minutes w. . beat the germans new and surprising aspects of noise and culture in germany. u.s. american keep music takes a look at germany it is increasing use of the traditions for everyday lives and language and this time i know my limits are so i'm young good. looking guy. d.w. dot com makes the germans. this is you get when you come to live from above and that's the right to our correspondent he is in central istanbul and by the shellac up there did of his but it will correspond let's bring in
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